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What is Corona or COVID-19

Coronavirus or COVID-19 is a communicable disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus can feel mild to moderate respiratory disease and recover without while specific treatment.  Older individuals, and people with underlying medical issues like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more possible to develop serious health problem. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a communicable disease that is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is a pandemic and its virus closely liked to the SARS virus. It was earlier known by the provisionally 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The disease was first time reported in Wuhan, China.

What is the symptom of COVID-19?

The most common symptom of corona or COVID-19 are :-
  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Thorat Irritation
  • Fatigue
Other symptoms that are less common and may affect few patients include:
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Conjunctivitis (also known as red eyes)
  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle & Joint pain
  • Different types of Skin Rash
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Chills or dizziness
Symptoms of severe COVID‐19 disease include:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • High temperature (above 38 °C)
Other less common symptoms are:
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Reduced consciousness (sometimes associated with seizures)
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Sleep disorders
  • More severe and rare neurological complications such as strokes, brain inflammation, delirium, and nerve damage
People of all ages who expertise fever and or cough related to issue respiration or shortness of breath, pain or pressure, or loss of speech or movement ought to obtain medical aid in real-time. If possible, decide your health care provider, hotline, or clinic first, therefore you'll be directed to the correct clinic.
What happens to people who get COVID-19?
Among those who develop symptoms, more than 80% recover from the disease without hospitalisation treatment. Patient about 15% become seriously sick and require oxygen and 5% become critically sick and need intensive care.
Complications resulting in death may include respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock, thromboembolism, and or multi-organ failure, including injury of the heart, liver, or kidneys.
In rare situations, kids can develop a severe inflammatory syndrome a few weeks after infection.
Who is most at risk of severe illness from COVID-19?
People having age more than 60 years & those with a medical illness like high blood pressure, lungs and heart issue, lifestyle disease like diabetes, obesity, at higher risk of developing the serious illness.
However, anyone can get sick with COVID-19 and become seriously ill or die at any age.
Are there long-term effects of COVID-19?
Some people who are infected with COVID-19, whether they hospitalized or not, continue to experience symptoms, including fatigue, bitter taste, less feel appetite, respiratory, and neurological symptoms.
WHO is find out with our Global Technical Network for Clinical Management of COVID-19, researchers and patient groups around the world to design and carry out studies of patients' initial acute illness to understand the proportion of patients who have long term effects, what duration they persist, and why they occur. These studies will be guided to develop further guidance for patient care.
How can protect ourselves and others if we don't know who is infected?
Stay safe by taking some easy precautions, like physical distancing, carrying a mask, maintaining physical distance(approx. 6feet), particularly once distancing can't be maintained, keeping rooms well ventilated, avoiding crowds and close contact, often cleansing your hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue. Check native recommendation wherever you reside and work. Do it all!
When should I get a test for COVID-19?
Anyone with symptoms ought to be tested, whenever possible. Individuals who do not have any symptoms but have had close contact with someone who is or may be infected should be considered testing for COVID-19 at your local health provider.
While an individual is expecting to take a look at results, they ought to stay isolated from others. wherever testing capability is restricted, tests ought to initially be in dire straits those at higher risk of infection, like physicians, individuals at higher risk of severe ill-health like older people, particularly those living in seniors’ residences or long-run care facilities.
What are rapid tests?
Rapid antigen tests are also known as "Rapid Diagnostic Test-RDT", detect viral proteins (known as antigens). Samples are received from the nose and/or throat with a swab. These tests are cheaper and easier than PCR and will offer results more quickly, but they are generally less accurate. These tests are appropriate to perform best when there is community spread of the virus and when sampled from an individual during the time they are most infectious.
Both isolation and quarantine are preventing methods of the spread of COVID-19.
Quarantine is used for anyone who is a contact of someone infected with the coronavirus, which causes COVID-19, whether the infected person has symptoms or not. Quarantine means that you remain separated from others people because you have been exposed to the coronavirus and you may be infected and can take place in the marked quarantine facility or at home. For COVID-19, this means staying in the quarantine centre or at home for 14 days.
What is the difference between isolation and quarantine?
Isolation is used for people suffering from COVID-19 symptoms or who have tested positive for the COVID-19 virus. Being in isolation means the person separated from other people, ideally in a medically COVID-19 care facility where you can receive clinical care. If isolation in a medical facility is not possible and you are not in a high-risk group of developing severe illness, isolation can take place at home. If you have initial symptoms, you should remain in isolation for a minimum of 10 days plus an additional 3 days without symptoms. If you are in contact with an infected person and you do not develop symptoms, you should remain in isolation for 10 days from the time you test positive.
How long time required to develop symptom?
The duration from exposure to COVID-19 to the moment when symptoms are seen, on average, 5-6 days and maybe range from 1-14 days. If people who have been exposed to the virus or infected person are advised to remain at house and stay away from others people and family members, for 14 days, in order to prevent the spread of the corona virus, especially where testing is not easily available.
Are there treatments for COVID-19?
Scientists and health care professionals around the world are working to find and try to develop a line of treatments for COVID-19. Ideal supportive care includes oxygen for severely lung infected patients and those who are at risk for severe disease and more advanced respiratory support such as ventilation for patients who are critically ill.
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that can help decrease the length of time on a ventilator and save lives of patients with severe and critical illness.
Results from the WHO’s Solidarity Trial indicated that remdesivir, hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir and interferon regimens appear to have little or no effect on 28-day mortality or the in-hospital course of COVID-19 among hospitalized patients.
Hydroxychloroquine has not been shown to offer any benefit for the treatment of COVID-19.
WHO does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop treatments for COVID-19 and will continue to provide new information as it becomes available.
Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating COVID-19?
Antibiotics do not inhibit viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a SARS group of viruses, so antibiotics do not work. Do not use antibiotics to prevent or treatment of COVID-19.
In many health centres, physicians will sometimes use antibiotics to prevent or treat secondary bacterial infections which can be a complication of COVID-19 in severely ill patients. They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.
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